University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine investigators have engineered artificial blood vessels from muscle-derived stem cells (MDSCs) and a biodegradable polymer that exhibit extensive remodeling and remain free of blockages when grafted into rats. The results of their study, which was presented at the Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine International Society (TERMIS) North America Chapter meeting at the Westin Harbor Castle conference center in Toronto, has potentially significant ...

A team from Centre de recherche Université Laval Robert-Giffard (CRULRG) has made significant progress toward finding a way to determine whether a child is likely to one day suffer from bipolar disorder or schizophrenia. The findings of the research team supervised by Dr. Michel Maziade, director of CRULRG, professor in Université Laval's Faculty of Medicine, and Canada Research Chair in the Genetics of Neuropsychiatric Disorders, will be presented at the International Congress on Schizophreni...

The number of people admitted to the hospital because of dog bites increased by 86 percent - from 5,100 to 9,500 hospital stays - between 1993 and 2008, according to the latest News and Numbers from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

On average, 866 people had to go to the emergency department daily and 26 people, on average, were admitted to the hospital daily for treatment of dog bites in 2008.

Data from the federal agency also found that in 2008:

- Sen...

New research from the Monell Center and collaborating institutions reports that workers exposed to the complex mixture of toxic airborne chemicals following the 9/11 disaster had a decreased ability to detect odors and irritants two years after the exposure.

"The nose performs many sensory functions that are critical for human health and safety," said lead author Pamela Dalton, PhD, MPH, an environmental psychologist at Monell. "The sensory system that detects irritants is the first li...

Vitamin D, a preventive vitamin that responds more like a hormone, aids in the body's ability to absorb calcium and also improves bone mineral density. Studies indicate vitamin D could also prevent a number of chronic diseases.

In the October 2008 issue of Urologic Nursing, Mark A. Moyad presents a "rapid review" of vitamin D to educate urology nurses and others about vitamin D deficiency, dietary and multivitamin supplements, blood testing and ideal vitamin D blood levels.

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